The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing, as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings. Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease. Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress. Periodontal diseases can be accelerated by a number of different factors.
Recently, it was discovered that individuals with a specific genetic marker are six- to nineteen-times more likely to develop severe periodontitis than those without the marker.
Research indicates that there are a number of risk factors that increase the probability of developing periodontal disease. For instance, smoking increases the risk between two- to seven-fold. In addition, diabetes mellitus, especially in individuals with poor metabolic control, also plays a role in developing periodontal disease. Poor oral hygiene and diet also contribute to the condition. Fortunately, management of these risk factors, especially smoking and diabetes, can help prevent adult periodontitis. While controlling these risk factors is important, a persons genetic makeup also appears to determine their susceptibility to periodontitis.
Other Important Factors Affecting the Health of Your Gums
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition